Country Facts

Country name: Internationally: Japan, local: Nihon / Nippon,
Capital: Tokyo

National holiday: 
Birthday of H.I.H. Emperor AKIHITO, 23 December (1933)

Independence: 
660 B.C. (traditional founding by Emperor JIMMU)

Total area:
377,835 sq km (incl. water area 3,091 sq km)


Japanese Government

Government type: Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
Chief of state: Emperor AKIHITO (since 7 January 1989)
Head of government: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (since 26 December 2012)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
Elections: Diet (Kokkai), the national parliament of Japan, designates prime minister; constitution requires that prime minister commands parliamentary majority; following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition in House of Representatives usually becomes prime minister; monarch is hereditary.

People

Language: Japanese
Population: 127,368.088 (July 2012)

Life expectancy at birth: Male: 81 years , Female: 87 years,
Suffrage: 20 years

Religions:
Shintoism; 83,9%
Buddhism; 71,4%
Other 7,8%
Christian 2%)

(Note:  total adherents exceeds 100% because many people belong to both Shintoism and Buddhism)

Islands

Japan has 426 islands that are inhabited and 6,852 islands in total.

The four major islands of the Japanese archipelago are:
Honshu (230.000 sq. km) – the main island with the capital Tokyo
Hokkaido (78.500 sq. km) –situated north of Honshu
Kyushu (44.000 sq. km) – situated at the south western tip of Honshu
Shikoku (18.800 sq. km) – situated south of Honshu, east of Kyushu

   
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